Abbreviation in Latin Manuscripts

EPIGRAPHIC ANTECEDENTS

SPQR

Inscription on the arch at Beneventum
Inscription on the arch at Beneventum

IMP[ERATORI] CAESARI DIVI NERVAE FILIO
NERVAE TRAIANO OPTIMO AUG[USTO]
GERMANICO DACIO PONT[IFICI] MAX[IMO] TRIB[UNICIA]
POTES[TATE] XVIII IMP[ERATORI] VII CO[N]S[ULI] VI P[ATRI] P[ATRIAE]
FORTISSIMO PRINCIPI SENATUS P[OPULUS]Q[UE R[OMANUS]

(Image from http://www.dl.ket.org/latin2/grammar/inscriptions.htm)

NOMINA SACRA

London, British Library, MS Add. 89000, f. 1r (England, 698)
London, British Library, MS Add. 89000, f. 1r (England, 698)
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London, British Library, MS Add. 89000, f. 3v. (detail)
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London, British Library, MS Add. 89000, f. 4r. (detail)
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London, British Library, MS Add. 89000, f. 4r. (detail)

THE COMMON MARK OF ABBREVIATION (TITULUS)

SUSPENSIONS . CONTRACTIONS . P-ABBREVIATIONS

Baltimore, Walters Art Museum, MS W.4 , f. 38r (Germany, ca. 875)
Baltimore, Walters Art Museum, MS W.4, f. 38r. (Germany, ca. 875)

Link to fol. 24r


SPECIALIZED MARKS OF SUSPENSION

LIGATURES VS. ABBREVIATIONS

Baltimore, Walters Art Museum, W.12. f. 5r (Germany, mid-12th c.)
Baltimore, Walters Art Museum, W.12. f. 5r. (Germany, mid-12th c.)

DEGREE OF ABBREVIATION

ABBREVIATION BY ARBITRARY SIGN

Baltimore, Walters Art Museum, W.30. f. 6v (Austria, second half of 12th c.)
Baltimore, Walters Art Museum, W.30. f. 6v. (Austria, second half of 12th c.)

SCHOLASTIC SCRIBBLES

London, British Library, MS Harley 3704, f. 35r (detail). (Germany, 1339-40)
London, British Library, MS Harley 3704, f. 35r (detail). (Germany, 1339-40)